The Last Ringbearer (Russian: Последний кольценосец) is a 1999 fantasy book by Russian author Kirill Eskov. It is an alternative account of and an informal sequel to the events of J.R.R. Tolkien‘s trilogy, The Lord of the Rings.[1]”

The premise of the novel is the proverb ”history is written by the victors”, and that the Tolkien account is just that – the history as dictated by the victorious side.[2][3] In Eskov’s version of the story, Mordor is described as a peaceful country on the verge of an industrial revolution, that is a threat to the war-mongering and imperialistic faction represented by Gandalf..”